National ID to roll out in Metro Manila, Region IV-A by year-end

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  • Implementing rules and regulations for PhilSys up by October
  • ID applicants should bring birth certificate for faster processing
  • 10 items on demographic data, 3 optional for disclosure
  • PSA pegs ₱30 billion budget for national ID

This story was updated to include information from the Philippine Statistics Authority.

Metro Manila (CNN Philippines, August 8) — The national identification (ID) card will be available for free in Metro Manila and Calabarzon (Region IV-A) by yearend, a congressman said Wednesday.

"[The National Capital Region] and Region IV-A will be the pilot areas... before the end of the year," Davao City Representative Karlo Nograles announced on CNN Philippines' The Source.

Nograles, who chairs the House Appropriations Committee, said ₱2 billion was allotted for the national ID at the beginning of the year — and the fund had to be utilized.

Metro Manila or the National Capital Region covers 16 cities — Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, San Juan, Taguig, and Valenzuela — and the municipality of Pateros. Region IV-A groups the provinces of Batangas, Cavite, Laguna, Rizal and Quezon.

The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) expects to complete the law's implementing rules and regulations by October. Procurement is expected to begin on the same month.

Registration will be done in PSA offices nationwide, said Nograles. The agency might also tap other government offices and systems, including the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS), Social Security System (SSS), Home Development Mutual Fund or Pag-IBIG, Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth), and the Commission on Elections.

"They will coordinate with other offices as well — GSIS, SSS, Pag-IBIG, PhilHealth, and even Comelec — will be open to accommodate registration," he said.

President Rodrigo Duterte signed the much awaited National ID System into law on Monday. It is expected to streamline necessary identification for different government transactions — from health insurance to housing loans — into one card. However, critics of the policy fear it is a breach of privacy and puts personal data at risk.

Application requirements

PSA National Statistician Lisa Grace Bersales assured the public that nobody would be turned away from a national ID.

However, the process would be faster if applicants brought a valid birth certificate.

"The basic document that the citizens will bring to the registration centers is a birth certificate," said Bersales. "We will accept birth certificates issued any time in the past."

She added the PSA was eyeing making separate lanes for applicants who have certificates, who did not have them, and who had errors in their documents. The latter includes people who may have changed their names shortly after birth.

Parents can register their child for a PhilSys Number or PSN as soon as they avail a birth certificate. However, biometrics can first be captured when the child is five years old. Biometrics will be taken again when the child is between 15 to 18 years old.

Other details of the national ID process will be provided in the implementing rules and regulations.

What's in an ID?

Under the law, the ID will contain ten pieces of demographic information. This include the holder's full name, sex, date of birth, place of birth, blood type, address, and whether he or she is a Filipino or an alien.

Three pieces of information will be marked as optional: marital status, mobile number, and e-mail address.

The ID will also collect biometric information, particularly a front-facing photograph; and full set of fingerprints; and an iris scan. It could also note other identifiable features, to be determined by the implementing rules and regulations.

Bersales advised citizens to keep IDs for other systems for the next three to five years while the PhilSys stabilizes. These include IDs for the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS), Social Security System (SSS), Home Development Mutual Fund or Pag-IBIG, Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth), and the voter ID.

The PSA envisions that along with the national ID, the only other necessary government identifications will include a passport, a Professional Regulation Commission license, and a driver's license.

Another ₱2.1 billion had also been allotted for the national ID system next year, but the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) had requested for a total budget of ₱6 billion.

The PSA estimates a necessary budget of around ₱30 billion for the next three to five years.