Thailand 'red-flagged' for aviation safety concerns

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In addition to Thailand, only 12 other nations are red-flagged by the ICAO — Angola, Botswana, Djibouti, Eritrea, Georgia, Haiti, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Malawi, Nepal, Sierra Leone, and Uruguay. (Photo from Thai Smile via CNN)

(CNN) — The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has "red flagged" Thailand over what it sees as significant safety concerns within the country's aviation sector.

Following an audit earlier this year, the ICAO, a United Nations agency, issued Thailand a warning in March relating to its ability to oversee airlines under its jurisdiction, giving the country 90 days to address its concerns.

On Thursday (June 18) it amended its online Safety Audit Information, issuing Thailand a red flag for failing to adequately deal with the situation within that time frame.

In addition to Thailand, only 12 other nations are red-flagged by the ICAO — Angola, Botswana, Djibouti, Eritrea, Georgia, Haiti, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Malawi, Nepal, Sierra Leone, and Uruguay.

In response to the red flag, flag carrier Thai Airways issued a statement saying that it operates with the highest safety standards.

"A significant safety concern does not necessarily indicate a particular safety deficiency in the air navigation service providers, airlines (air operators), aircraft or aerodrome; but, rather, indicates that the State is not providing sufficient safety oversight to ensure the effective implementation of applicable ICAO Standards," said Charamporn Jotikasthira, president of the airline.

The Thailand Transport Ministry did not immediately respond to a CNN request for comment.

Staff shortages raise alarm

Alan Polivnick, a partner at global law firm Watson Farley & Williams, which specializes in aviation matters, says the biggest issue is how other countries will respond to the red flag.

"If you look at all the other countries that have red flags, Thailand is the only one other than Nepal in this region, and there will be concerns raised about this," he says.

"We've already had Korea, China and Japan place restrictions on new Thai flights. Singapore, Australia and the EU ordered enhanced inspections.

"Whether this will prompt them to call for further inspections or create further restrictions on Thai airlines remains to be seen, but there's nothing to stop them from doing that. It's within each country's power to do that."

In March, word of the ICAO's warning led several countries in the region to issue a ban on new flights from Thailand and increase scrutiny of its planes.

Polivnick says it's the regulator — not individual airlines — that the ICAO is looking at.

During its audit earlier this year, the ICAO raised issues relating to the Department of Civil Aviation's (DCA) ability to supervise airline operators and operations due to a shortage of staff.

"If you look at the growth in airlines and airline operators in Thailand over the last 10-15 years, the number of people in the DCA supervising and dealing with applications hasn't changed much," says Polivnick.

This story was first published on CNN.com, "Thailand 'red-flagged' for aviation safety concerns."